625: Andrew Wiseman's Television Room (2K)
TV Logos (12K)

Dave Jeffery's
Flash Files 2

Revised  Sa 12-Apr-08

 

More TV logos, clocks and the like re-created in Adobe Flash by Dave Jeffery.

See part one for acknowledgements.

Please note: to view the animations and hear the sound clips linked to on this page you will need a plug-in for your browser. Most browsers come with this pre-installed but if you need to download it or want to upgrade to the latest version, please visit the Adobe Flash Player Download page.

 

Contents

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Clocks

BBC 1 Clock from 1972 (3K)BBC 2 Clock from 1972 (3K)

BBC 1 Clock - mechanical
BBC 2 Clock - mechanical

The BBC network clocks as seen in 1972. Notice that the judder on the second-hand has been faithfully reproduced! As with all the BBC mechanical models, this was shot in black and white and the colour was then added in electronically. Although the colours and lettering were later changed, the distinctive clock face survived into the 1980s.

 
 

BBC 1 Clock - electronically generated

By 1984, the real clocks had been replaced. This is BBC 1's first virtual clock. The image was generated by a box of electronics, designed in house by Richard Russell. Similar hardware was then used for the other BBC solid state clocks featured below.

First electronically generated BBC 1 clock (4K)
Second electronically generated BBC 1 clock (3K)

BBC 1 Clock - electronically generated II

The second virtual clock for BBC 1 first appeared in February 1985. It was introduced to accompany the new golden globe symbol or COW (Computer-Originated World) as it was known at the BBC.

 
 

BBC 2 Clock - electronically generated

Because of the move to electronic image generation, the network symbol underneath the BBC 2 clock could now be shown properly shaded.

First electronically generated BBC 2 clock (4K)

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ABC's Teddington Clock used for joint continuity (3K)ABC's clock as seen in the Midlands (2K)

ABC Clock
ABC Clock - Midlands

ABC broadcast at the weekends, serving both the Midlands and the North of England. This clock was for joint continuity, parts of the programme schedule where both regions were showing the same programmes. It was broadcast from the ABC studios in Teddington, Middlesex and would be seen, for example, before World of Sport on Saturdays. The second ABC clock was seen only by viewers in the Midlands.

 

 

ABC Clock - North

This ABC clock, without any logo, was seen only by viewers in the North.

ABC's clock as seen in the North (2K)
ATV's digital clock, with blue background (4K)ATV's digital clock, with black background (3K)

ATV Clock 1
ATV Clock 2

ATV's digital clock was the last image broadcast by the company as it closed down for the final time, 34 minutes into the first day of 1982. Later that morning, Central was born. Its clock used the same digits, this time superimposed onto a Central caption.

 

 

Border Clock

This is Border Television's mechanical clock, used in the Eighties. It features the company's "chopsticks in a bowl" symbol.

Border's clock (4K)
HTV's clock (3K)

HTV Clock

When colour came to the Wales and West region in 1970, Harlech became HTV and its famous "aerial" logo was born. To go with the new white-on-blue symbol was this white-on-blue clock, which lasted well over a decade.

 

 

London Weekend Clock

This was the London Weekend clock introduced at the same time as its famous River ident. It was unusual in that despite being a mechanical clock there was no judder perceptible on the second-hand.

The first clock to feature London Weekends's stripy LW logo (9K)
Rediffusion's clock, with black background (2K)Rediffusion's clock, with grey background (2K)

Rediffusion Clock - Black
Rediffusion Clock

In 1964 Rediffusion began using an ident that ended with the rotating "adastral" star on a completely black background. This was later superseded by another that ended on a grey background. These two clocks match those idents.

 

 

Southern Clock

This was a clock used by Southern after the station began its colour service. The clock was still in use in 1981, the company's final year of broadcasting.

Southern's clock (4K)
Thames' clock (5K)

Thames Clock

Thames Television's clock also told you the date as well as the time. It was used until the end of the Eighties, when the Thames mirrored skyline ident was dropped and the ITV "corporate look" began.

 

 

TSW Clock

TSW promoted itself as "Television Simply Wonderful" on its opening night in 1982. It ceased broadcasting ten years later, having lost its licence at the next franchise round. This computer-generated clock was TSW's only timepiece throughout its decade on air.

TSW's only clock (5K)
TVS's clock (4K)

TVS Clock

The second clock design used by TVS, which served the South and South-East from 1982 until the end of 1992. Sometimes the caption would say "TVS South" or "TVS South East", when different presentation was being transmitted in each of the two TVS sub-regions. Notice that unlike the BBC's mechanical clocks, which were filmed in black and white and then had colour added electronically, this TVS clock and the London Weekend timepiece above were coloured models filmed by colour cameras.

 

 

Tyne Tees Clock

This clock was introduced when Tyne Tees began broadcasting in colour in 1970. As well as white-on-blue, other colour schemes were experimented with such as light-blue-on-black.

Tyne Tees' clock (5K)
Westward's clock (6K)

Westward Clock

For some reason, Westward's clock, used until it ceased broadcasting in 1981, reminds me of one of those wooden-framed clocks you used to see on the wall inside banks. The exploded pie-chart style (with the bottom right-hand quarter of the rounded rectangle separated from the rest) was also seen on continuity slides for much of the seventies.

 

 

Yorkshire Clock - Gold

Seen in 1977, this clock from Yorkshire Television features golden lettering.

Yorkshire's golden clock (3K)
Yorkshire's first computer-generated clock (3K)

Yorkshire Clock

This was Yorkshire's first computer-generated clock and features the station's familiar yellow chevron symbol. It was a replacement for a mechanical clock of a similar design.

 

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Channel 4 Clock

Martin Lambie-Nairn and his company were responsible for Channel 4's identity when the station launched in 1982. Since then his company has become a major force in television branding. This is the Channel 4 clock, which features the stripy 4 logo. For some reason they decided to use a dark blue rather than the main logo's light blue.

Channel 4's clock (2K)

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Schools & Colleges

BBC Schools Pie Chart (11K)

BBC Schools Pie Chart

This is how the intervals between schools programme looked on BBC 1 in 1967: an announcement over a slide, followed by some music with a card featuring a pie chart and then a clock counting down the final minute before the start of the programme.

 
 

BBC 1 Clock - Schools Variant - Black & White NEW!

BBC 1 launched its colour service in November 1969, but Schools programmes did not start to appear in colour until autumn 1972. Hence when the new BBC 1 clock was shown before Schools programmes, the legend was modified to remove the reference "COLOUR".

BBC 1 Clock from 1969 with no 'COLOUR' legend (2K)
BBC Schools Diamond (5K)

BBC Schools Diamond

Even more strangely compelling than the BBC's rotating globe and curved-mirror reflection was the Schools Diamond. This mechanical model kept pupils entertained while they waited for their programme to begin. This version is from 1974.

 
 

BBC 1 Clock - Schools Variant - Colour NEW!

In 1975 the Schools Diamond lettering was adapted to match that used on BBC 1's new yellow-on-blue globe. Except the "BBC 1" legend on the globe was white and on the Schools Diamond it was yellow. Perhaps the lighting on the model couldn't be modified to support three colours? The BBC 1 clock shown during Schools programmes also sported the same yellow lettering as the Diamond, rather than the usual white.

BBC 1 Clock from 1975 with yellow lettering (5K)
Mechanical BBC Schools Countdown Clock with rotating middle (3K)Mechanical BBC Schools Countdown Clock with stationary middle (3K)

BBC Schools - the mechanical model
BBC Schools - the broken mechanical model?

The 60-second countdown clock used by the BBC before its schools programmes from September 1978. The first version has a rotating middle. Later on, the middle remained stationary. Rumour has it that this was because the motor broke down and was never fixed.

 
 

BBC Schools - the last mechanical model Revised
BBC Schools - electronically generated NEW!

This countdown was the last mechanical model used by BBC schools presentation. There was also an electronically generated version, which saw the white dots turning black as the seconds ticked by. The last day of schools on BBC 1 was Friday, June 24th, 1983.

Last mechanical BBC Schools Countdown Clock (4K)Last BBC Schools Countdown Clock (3K)
Daytime version of the BBC 2 symbol (4K)

Daytime on Two NEW!

On Monday, September 19th, 1983 schools programmes moved to BBC 2. They were billed under the heading Daytime on Two and instead of a countdown, a daytime version of the BBC 2 symbol appeared ten seconds before each programme. With no Schools, BBC 1 closed down after Breakfast Time and started up again for Play School, which had also switched sides. It would be some years before BBC 1 would get its own Daytime schedule.

 

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ITV Schools

From the 1970s, a schools junction, including the ITV 60-second countdown clock. The accompanying tune is entitled Fun and Games.

1970s ITV Schools Countdown Clock (6K)
Last ITV Schools Countdown Clock (4K)

ITV Schools - the final countdown

This was the last ITV Schools countdown clock, in use until the service moved to Channel 4 in September 1987. The tune here is from 1979 and is entitled Handelian Harp by David Snell. The caption shows the programme about to be shown is Middle English, but if you want to re-live the countdown to another programme, the text can easily be changed by typing in a new title.

 

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The Open University

 

The OU Clock

A sight familiar to insomniacs everywhere. It signified that it was either very late at night or very early in the morning and you were about to see programmes for The Open University. Ironic, when you think most students don't get up until lunchtime! Pressing space will add and remove a "Follows Shortly" caption.

OU Clock (5K)

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OU on BBC2 (4K)

The OU on BBC 2

An Open University ident from BBC 2, often followed by bearded, bespectacled men in sandals telling you about the calculus. The original was blue and yellow (like the clock, above) and didn't mention the BBC at all. But after OU programmes spread to BBC 1, the idents were changed to indicate which channel you were watching.

 
 

The OU on BBC 1 - stripy
The OU on BBC 1 - golden

The first version shown matches the style of the last BBC 1 mechanical globe. The second version was designed to match the golden globe, which was generated by a box of microprocessors and introduced in February 1985. Both of these OU idents are also electronically generated. The fanfare heard in all three versions here, and on the original blue and yellow OU idents, is the first five bars of Divertimento for Three Trumpets and Three Trombones composed by Leonard Salzedo and published in 1959.

OU on BBC1 1984 (2K)OU on BBC1 1985 (2K)

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Test Cards

Test Card F - Version 1 (14K)

Test Card F

Before daytime television, if you switched to either BBC channel before the late afternoon, you were likely to see a trade test transmission accompanied by this picture. Test Card F was the first colour test card and was first broadcast on July 1st, 1967, the day BBC 2 began regular colour transmissions. Designed by the late George Hersee, an engineer at the BBC, the test card features his daughter Carole, aged 7, with her doll, Bubbles.

 
 

Test Card F - with countdown

By the early 70s, Test Card F had been amended to remove the labels against the frequency gratings (the stack of six boxes containing vertical black and white lines, to the right of the clown). Sometimes a number would be superimposed on the image, counting down the minutes. The electronics didn't always work, and so sometimes the timing was done manually. You can re-create this effect for yourself - see the instructions when you view the file.

Test Card F - Version 2 (14K)
Test Card F - Version 4 - BBC 1 (7K)Test Card F - Version 4 - BBC 2 (8K)

Test Card F - a virtual card
Test Card F - a virtual card with countdown

In 1984, Test Card F was amended again, the most obvious difference was perhaps the change of style for the letter 'F'. The other major change was that rather than having the image coming from a slide scanner, it was now electronically generated. The first image is from BBC 1. The second, from BBC 2, also features a manual countdown timer.

 
 

Test Card F - with updated BBC 1 caption
Test Card F - with updated BBC 2 caption

Two more appearances of Test Card F. This time the BBC 1 caption now matches the style of the lettering from the 1985 golden globe symbol and the BBC 2 caption matches the lettering on the 1986 "TWO" ident.

Test Card F with updated BBC 1 caption (6K)Test Card F with updated BBC 2 caption (7K)
Test Card G (8K)

Test Card G

In the early 1970s, the BBC began using a new test card alongside Test Card F. This electronically generated pattern was known as Test Card G and was based on a design by Philips. This is what it looked like on BBC 2.

 
 

Pulse & Bar
Multi-burst

A couple of other test cards have also been used by the BBC. The first is a pulse and bar pattern, which included a burst of lilac. The two vertical lines on the right-hand side show that the card was transmitted from Cardiff. Different arrangements meant sixteen different regions could be identified in this way. The second pattern is called a multi-burst and features frequency gratings.

Pulse & Bar (2K)
Frequency Gratings (3K)
Test Card J (5K)Test Card W (6K)

Test Card J
Test Card W

In these days of 24-hour channels, test cards are seldom seen on our screens. You may not have noticed, therefore, that test card F has been replaced with a new edition, Test Card J. By going back to the original negatives, the designers were able to reveal more of the scene with the girl and her doll. They were also able to finally make the chalked cross denote the exact centre of the card. If you look closely, you'll see that this test card is animated. Test Card W is the widescreen version of Test Card J.

 

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Test Card C
Test Card C - Reduced Power

Test Card C first appeared in 1948 when the picture aspect ratio was still 5:4. It was later revised for 4:3 and then underwent yet more revisions. When commercial television began, the Independent Television Authority (ITA) introduced its own version of Test Card C, examples of which are presented here. These cards would be seen by Tyne Tees viewers, who would be watching transmissions from the Burnhope VHF transmitter.

Test Card C (5K)Test Card C - Reduced Power (5K)
Test Card D (9K)Test Card D Revised (9K)

Test Card D
Test Card D - with dots

Test Card D, introduced in 1964, was designed to a specification agreed by the BBC, the ITA and the television trade. It was revised at the end of 1965, and to distinguish the new version, dots were added to either side of the 'D'.

 
 

Test Card F on Thames/LWT
Test Card F on ATV

These are examples of Test Card F, as seen in the ITV regions of London and the Midlands. When the ITA took on the responsibility for commercial radio and became the Independent Broadcasting Authority (IBA) in 1972, the captions changed accordingly. There was also a Test Card E, but it proved unpopular and was quickly abandoned.

Test Card F (7K)Test Card F (7K)
ETP1 (8K)

Test Pattern 1

Test Card G was also seen on ITV, but in the late 1970s, the IBA dropped the test cards it had shared with the BBC in favour of Electronic Test Pattern 1 (ETP1). A version of this could be seen if you tuned to Channel 4 in the weeks preceding its launch in 1982.

 
 

Colour Bars on HTV I
Colour Bars on HTV II

These are a couple of colour bars used by HTV. The only difference between them is that along the top of the red block at the bottom, one has a white horizontal strip, the other doesn't.

HTV Colour Bars 1 (1K)HTV Colour Bars 2 (1K)

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More Pages of Flash (2K)

Flash Files

In part one: past idents, as shown before each programme.

LWT's Farewell Flash Files

In part three: graphics created for a tribute to London Weekend Television, broadcast in October 2002.

Windows Screensaver Flash Files

In part four: a selection of Flash Files that can be run directly on your PC.

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Other pages in the TV Logos section...

Other TV Logo Web Sites

>> The BBC's web site commissioned Dave Jeffery to recreate even more BBC clocks and schools presentation using Flash, for its excellent Cult / Classic TV / Testcards site.
>> Richard Logue's Irish TV Web Pages also contain Flash Files by Dave Jeffery, including an RTE clock and BBC 1 Northern Ireland's equivalent of the spinning globe.
>> Jason Robertson's sub-TV has a schools presentation section including an explanation of how the BBC Schools Diamond worked, illustrated with Flash demos by Dave Jeffery.
>> You can see more Flash Rediffusion clocks recreated by Dave Jeffery in the presentation section of Television House - The Widespread World of Rediffusion.
>> Rory Clark's Harlech House of Graphics includes more test cards and clocks (including Flash Files) for TWW and Harlech/HTV.
>> Barney Wol, who was involved in the design of Test Card W, has written a web site all about Video Test Signals.
>> Check out another version of The BBC Schools Diamond, brought back to life by Ian Collier.

 
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TV Logos
Programme Delivery Control Explained
Public Information Films
Channel 5
DOG Watch
Digital TV - Beyond the Hype
TV Room
TV Logos
PDC
Explained
PIFs
Channel 5
DOG
Watch!
Digital
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625: Andrew Wiseman's Television Room (2K)